Exploiting Semantics in Adversarial Training for Image-Level Domain Adaptation

Authors: Pierluigi Zama Ramirez, Alessio Tonioni and Luigi Di Stefano
Published in International Conference on Image Processing, Applications and Systems, 2018


Performance achievable by modern deep learning approaches are directly related to the amount of data used at training time. Unfortunately, the annotation process is notoriously tedious and expensive, especially for pixel-wise tasks like semantic segmentation. Recent works have proposed to rely on synthetically generated imagery to ease the training set creation. However, models trained on these kind of data usually under-perform on real images due to the well known issue of domain shift. We address this problem by learning a domain-to-domain image translation GAN to shrink the gap between real and synthetic images. Peculiarly to our method, we introduce semantic constraints into the generation process to both avoid artifacts and guide the synthesis. To prove the effectiveness of our proposal, we show how a semantic segmentation CNN trained on images from the synthetic GTA dataset adapted by our method can improve performance by more than 16% mIoU with respect to the same model trained on synthetic images.



  title={Exploiting Semantics in Adversarial Training for Image-Level Domain Adaptation},
  author={Ramirez, Pierluigi Zama and Tonioni, Alessio and Di Stefano, Luigi},
  booktitle={International Conference on Image Processing, Applications and Systems},